Section A
Section B

The Direct Method

The Direct Method is more commonly known today as “Berlitz” and was derived from an earlier method called the “Natural Method”. The Direct Method was natural in the sense that it made an effort to “immerse” the students in the target language. Teacher monologues, formal questions and answers, and direct repetition were frequent teaching tools. This approach is still used in Berlitz schools today. Although there have been slight modifications, the topic of discussion in classrooms is still the grammar itself; students are thought to inductively discover the rules of the language. Texts used for the Berlitz method often move students so quickly through their new language structures that their internalisation becomes difficult, if not impossible. 
Although these methods vary from one another, they all generally adhered to the same principle: Grammar is the foundation upon which language should be taught.

An effective communicative approach, however, involves more of a relationship between the learners themselves, between learners and the teachers, and learners and the language. This approach requires a greater flexibility on the part of teachers and students to allow the syllabus and its content to develop in ways that make acquiring the target language more successful and meaningful.